ESE full form, Eligibility, Qualification – A Complete Guide

Engineering Services Examination is referred to as the ESE full form. This nationwide exam is administered by UPSC to choose officers for government employment in the technical sector. It also includes three rounds of selection that include a personal interview, descriptive papers, and objective papers.

The Indian President appoints officers who meet the requirements for Emiratization. They must also oversee and labor in a variety of technological industries, including building, railroads, power generation, and roadways.

ESE Full Form &  Exam Eligibility

Candidates must be between the ages of 21 and 30 in order to sit for the Engineering Services Examination exam. UPSC outlines the specific parameters for IES eligibility in detail in the official announcement. Furthermore, these standards are categorized under other headings including age, nationality, level of education, etc. Therefore, each candidate must fulfill the IES ESE qualifying requirements in order to avoid disqualification. The particular prerequisites are as follows:


  • The candidate must fit into one of the following categories in order to be eligible for the IES.
  • An Indian national residing in Nepal or Bhutan
  • a Tibetan who fled to India prior to January 1, 1962, intending to remain there permanently.
  • An individual of Indian descent immigrated to India from Ethiopia, Malawi, Zambia, Uganda, Kenya, the United Republic of Tanzania, Sri Lanka, Burma, or Pakistan.

Educational Qualification 

  • The following educational requirements must be met by the candidate in order for them to be considered for ESE 2023. Additionally, a candidate needs to meet one or more of the following educational requirements.
  • It is necessary to get an engineering degree from an accredited school or university.
  • A applicant may also possess a diploma or degree in engineering from an accredited foreign university.
  • In addition, candidates must pass the IEI’s A and B portions.
  • Additionally, candidates must be eligible to take the Institution of Electronics and Telecommunications Graduate Membership Exam.
  • Candidates might also be eligible for the Indian Aeronautical Society Associate Membership Exam.
  • Additionally, candidates may submit supporting documentation for the Institution of Electronics and Radio Engineers Graduate Membership Exam.



UPSC ESE Application Process

Candidates for the ESE who satisfy all qualifying requirements may proceed to finish the online registration process. They also need to complete the following actions in order to complete the application form:

  • Go to the official UPSC website. They must also click on the ESE exam notification.
  • On the ensuing page, they need to click the “apply online” link.  
  • Next, fill out Part 1 of the Prelims application by providing all the required data. After they enter their information, a text message with their password and unique registration number is sent to their phone number.
  • Following that, applicants can complete the application by logging in with their registration number and date of birth.
  • Candidates should verify their application form for accuracy after filling it out completely. Once they are satisfied that the information is accurate, they can submit the form.
  • Following that, candidates need to send in scan copies of all required supporting materials.
  • They will then be prompted to complete an online payment. Here, they must pay the appropriate application cost for their category.
  • Applicants must click on the declaration to finish the application procedure after completing all these stages.
  • Candidates need to save a copy of their application for future use after completing all the procedures in the ESE Prelim application process. 

ESE Exam Pattern

The ESE test has three stages, as previously noted. To reach the final merit list, each candidate must also pass every round of qualification.

In addition, the ESE exam is administered annually in order to select eligible applicants for the following four branches:

  • Mechanical engineering
  • Civil engineering
  • Electrical engineering
  • Electronics and Telecommunication engineering

ESE Prelim Exam Pattern

The first round consists of two multiple-choice questions. Candidates should also make an effort to mark the right answers to each question, as a wrong response will result in the loss of ⅓ of a mark.

The Prelims exam pattern is detailed in the following table:

Paper  Subject  Total marks  Exam duration
Paper 1 GS and Engineering Aptitude 200 2 hours
Paper 2 Engineering (Mechanical/civil/Electrical/Electronics and Telecommunication) 300 3 hours

ESE Main Exam Pattern

There are two descriptive papers in this round. They also contain questions from the particular branch the candidate chooses. Candidates must write their answers clearly and with the right wording if they want to receive high marks.

An overview of the Mains exam pattern may be seen in the table below:

Paper  Subject  Total marks  Exam duration
Paper 1 Engineering (Mechanical/civil/Electrical/Electronics and Telecommunication) 300 3 hours
Paper 2 Engineering (Mechanical/civil/Electrical/Electronics and Telecommunication) 300 3 hours

ESE Interview

All of the candidates who passed the Mains are invited to this final phase of selection when they will take a personality test. In addition, tests are administered based on the candidates’ analytical, leadership, moral integrity, intellectual prowess, and social skills. 

Additionally, the interview is worth 200 points. As a result, candidates need to work on improving their performance for this round.


The ESE is a very difficult recruitment exam. Nonetheless, the engineering department’s most prestigious positions are posted to the applicants who pass this exam. Consequently, in order to fully study every topic on the syllabus and get top grades in every exam round, candidates for the ESE must adhere to a strict preparation plan.



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