Master UPSC CDS Syllabus 2024, Exam Overview & Instructions

Make sure you go over the extensive UPSC CDS Syllabus for General Knowledge, Mathematics, and English, broken down by subject. This page provides access to the entire UPSC CDS Syllabus.

It’s critical to realize that there are two phases to the CDS Examination: the written test and the SSB Interview round. The only candidates who can move on to the interview phase are those who pass the written exam with objectives.

CDS Syllabus 2024 Overview

Every two years, the UPSC conducts the CDS exam to choose candidates for the Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, Air Force Academy, and Officers’ Training Academy. The UPSC publishes the CDS Syllabus and the CDS 1 2024 Notification PDF on its official website on December 20, 2024.

For admission to the Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, and Indian Air Force Academy, candidates must meet the requirements of the UPSC CDS Syllabus 2024 in English, General Knowledge, and Elementary Mathematics. However, the Officers’ Training Academy admissions curricula only include English and General Knowledge courses.

CDS Exam 2024 Overview

Candidates who intend to take the CDS exam in order to enlist in the military will likely be interested in learning about the format, point system, number of questions, and other relevant details.

Although there hasn’t been much of a change in the UPSC CDS Syllabus, it’s still important to comprehend the structure and content of the test. This page offers a complete UPSC CDS Syllabus along with in-depth details regarding the CDS Exam Pattern 2024 to aid applicants in their preparation.

Name of the Exam Combined Defence Forces (CDS)
Conducting Body Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)
Exam Conducted in A Year Twice a Year
Mode of Examination Offline
Type of Questions Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
Medium Hindi or English
Number of Questions IMA/INA/AFA – 300

OTA – 200

Time Duration 2 hours for each paper
Negative Marking Yes (1/3rd deducted for every wrong answer)

UPSC CDS Syllabus

Complete comprehension of the UPSC CDS Syllabus is crucial for candidates hoping to score highly on the CDS 1 2024 exam. The CDS 1 2024 Exam provides a direct path for those who want to enlist in the Indian Armed Forces.

The UPSC CDS Syllabus, which offers comprehensive information for candidates preparing for the exam, is available for candidates to review.

CDS Syllabus for English

English CDS Syllabus: Candidates are recommended to develop a daily newspaper reading habit in order to improve their performance in the English segment. They should seek out the definitions of difficult words in order to increase their vocabulary and comprehension of texts.

This component is designed to assess candidates’ English language competency as well as their ability to use language in a professional and efficient manner.

CDS English Syllabus 2024
  • Reading Comprehension Questions.
  • Spotting the Error Questions.
  • Fill in the blank questions.
  • Synonyms & Antonyms Questions.
  • Idioms and Phrases Questions.
  • Sentence Arrangement or Jumbled Questions.
  • Ordering of words in Sentence Questions.
  • Sentence Improvement or Sentence Correction Questions

CDS Syllabus for Mathematics

Mathematical topics covered in the CDS Elementary Mathematics syllabus include arithmetic, geometry, trigonometry, measures, statistics, and more.

Regular practice and committed work are required to improve preparedness and produce positive results in this paper. In order to complete the questions within the given time, applicants must maintain both accuracy and speed.

It is advised to consult the above table for the mathematics syllabus of the CDS 1 2024 test in order to gain a thorough understanding of the syllabus.



CDS Maths Syllabus
Arithmetic Number System

Natural numbers, Integers, Rational and Real numbers.

Fundamental operations, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, Square roots, Decimal fractions.

Unitary method, time and work, time and distance, percentages.

Applications of profit and loss, simple and compound interest, ratio and proportion, variation.

Elementary Number Theory

Division algorithm.

Prime and composite numbers.

Tests of divisibility by 2, 3, 4, 5, 9 and 11.

Multiples and factors.

Factorisation Theorem.

H.C.F. and L.C.M.

Euclidean algorithm.

Logarithms to base 10, use of logarithmic tables, laws of logarithms.

Algebra Basic operations and Simple factors,

Remainder Theorem.

H.C.F. and L.C.M.

Theory of polynomials, relation between its roots and coefficients (Only real roots to be considered), solutions of quadratic equations.

Simultaneous linear equations in two unknowns — analytical & graphical solutions.

Simultaneous linear inequalities in two variables & their solutions.

Practical issues with solutions that result in two simultaneous linear equations, inequalities in two variables, or quadratic equations in one variable.

Set notation and set language.

Rational expressions and conditional identities.

Laws of indices.

Trigonometry Sine x, cosine x, Tan x when 0° < x < 90° , Values of sin x, cos x & tan x, for x = 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° & 90°.

Simple trigonometric identities.

Use of trigonometric tables.

Simple cases of heights and distances.

Geometry Plane and plane figures, Lines and angles, Theorems on:

Properties of angles at a point

Parallel lines

Sides and angles of a triangle

Congruence of triangles

Similar triangles

Concurrence of medians and altitudes

Properties of sides, angles and diagonals of a rectangle, parallelogram and square

Circles and their properties including tangents and normals


Mensuration Areas of parallelograms, squares, rectangles, triangles and circles.

Areas of figures can be split up into these figures (Field Book), lateral surface and volume of right circular cones and cylinders, Surface area and volume of cuboids, and surface area and volume of spheres.

Statistics Collection and tabulation of statistical data.

Graphical representation of frequency polygons, bar charts, histograms, pie charts etc.

Measures of central tendency.

CDS Syllabus for General Knowledge

It is considered that an educated individual who hasn’t concentrated on any one scientific field is aware of current affairs and has a general understanding of common observations and experiences, some of which have a scientific component.

The exam will also include questions about Indian history and geography, which any competent candidate should be able to answer without further study.

CDS General Knowledge Syllabus
  • Indian History
  • Political Science
  • Economics
  • Geography
  • Environment
  • General Science – Physics, Chemistry, Biology
  • Current Affairs– National & International Awards, Summits, Sports, Conference; Books & Authors etc.
  • Defence Related Questions – Army, Navy, Air Force

CDS Exam Pattern 2024

The CDS (Combined Defence Services) exam pattern determines admission to military schools, including the Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, Air Force Academy, and Officers’ Training Academy. A variety of academy entry requirements are met by candidates who pass exams in topics including math, general knowledge, and English.

This format is an important stage in producing the next generation of Indian Armed Forces officers, as it evaluates applicants on core disciplines. The 300-point SSB Test/Interview, which takes place over five days, is an essential component of the admissions process for all academies.

This pattern ensures a thorough assessment of candidates’ abilities and potential as future officers in the Indian Armed Forces by testing them on their language, general awareness, and mathematical proficiencies while highlighting their overall personality traits and suitability for the armed forces.

A) For Entry into the Air Force Academy, Indian Naval Academy, and Indian Military Academy –

Subject Duration Maximum Marks
English 2 Hours 100
General Knowledge 2 Hours 100
Mathematics 2 Hours 100
SSB Test/Interview 5 Days 300

B) For Admission to the Academy for Officers – 

Subject Duration Maximum Marks
English 2 Hours 100
General Knowledge 2 Hours 100
SSB Test/Interview 5 Days 300

Important Instructions for CDS Exam 2024

Let’s look at some of the most important CDS Exam 2024 guidelines:

  • Use only black ballpoint pens for writing.
  • Put your subject and center on the response sheet. Next, input the topic code, your exam roll number, and the CDS 2024 test booklet series (in brackets) in the fields at the top.
  • Fill in the corresponding circles on the response page with your roll number, topic code, and CDS 2024 booklet series (A, B, C, or D, if applicable).
  • If the test booklet does not indicate the CDS booklet series, or if the answer sheet is not numbered, notify the invigilator immediately and request a replacement test booklet and answer sheet.
  • The CDS 2024 OMR answer sheet may be rejected if any information is entered incorrectly or incompletely, particularly when it comes to the Roll Number and Test Booklet Series Code.
  • When CDS 2024 starts, check the provided exam booklet to make sure no pages or things are missing, damaged, or unprinted. Should problems be found, ask for a replacement that includes the entire exam booklet for the same series and topic.
  • Please do not write your name or any other information on the CDS response sheet, test booklet, or rough work sheet save the ones that are specifically asked.
  • Do not fold, damage, or annotate the CDS Answer Sheet excessively. Furthermore, don’t write anything on the answer sheet’s backside.



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